Every type of bike has its fit!

You have several bikes and want to be fitted for each one? You had a fitting for one of them, but would like to transfer the measurements to a second one? Be aware that different types of bicycles vary considerably in fit. For bicycles with more similar geometries, such as road bikes and gravel bikes, the fitting will be done by considering the ...Lire plus!

Triathlon: bike positioning tailored to you!

Are you a seasoned or novice triathlete? Do you experience pain, discomfort or numbness during your bike rides? Did you know that your positioning could have a big influence on your comfort, as well as performance levels? In fact, the positioning on a triathlete's bicycle facilitates the transition from bicycle to race (T2), increasing comfort f...Lire plus!

Bruxism: A Word That Sets Our Teeth on Edge!

Simply put, bruxism is excessive, repetitive teeth grinding or jaw clenching. This excess pressure can cause pain in muscles and teeth. It can even lead to a tooth shattering. The jaw joint also suffers from this severe pressure, leading to premature wear of the articular surfaces. It is possible to engage in awake (or diurnal) bruxism or sleep (no...Lire plus!

Rotator cuff: tendinopathies and tears

Shoulder pain affects 67% of the population. 69% to 85% of those cases are linked to a rotator cuff issue. The terms "tendinopathy" and "tear" are often used to describe these afflictions. Although the word "tear" is often associated with surgery, that does not reflect the reality most of the time. Anatomy The rotator cuff is a group of four musc...Lire plus!

Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS)

Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a non-invasive method that stimulates the brain with electrodes placed on the scalp. An low-intensity electrical current circulates from one electrode to another, which allows the excitability of brain cells to be changed and persistent pain to be reduced. During treatments, healthcare profession...Lire plus!

Trigger Points: High-Tension Pain… Muscle Tension, That Is!

First, let’s get our definitions straight! What exactly is a “trigger point”? Simply put, a trigger point is defined as a hyperirritable spot found along a taut band of muscle. The trigger point may cause pain following compression, stretching, or excessive or lengthy stimulation. Each muscle has areas that are predisposed to trigger points;...Lire plus!

Karate: much more than a sport; a discipline!

Karate is a Japanese martial art. Depending on the style of karate practiced, the karateka (karate practitioner) will learn different techniques for warming up, physical training, strikes, self-defense, fighting and Katas (execution of techniques/movements against a fictitious opponent). In karate, which muscle groups are most used and how can we ...Lire plus!

An off-the-beaten-track challenge!

The Raid Internatonal Gaspésie multi-stage race One month ago, Émile Bernard, our Sherbrooke team's physiotherapist, took part in a major event involving preparation, the intensely lived experience itself and subsequent post-event reflection. Here's his overall assessment one month later! "Preparing for a major event brings its own share of a...Lire plus!

When talking about balance, we sometimes lose our bearings!

What is balance? In short, the word balance can be defined as follows: "Symmetry of forces and energies that compensate each other to maintain a stable state. It is a state of rest obtained by the equality of opposing forces and weights, allowing one to control one's position and movements so as not to fall." More specifically, our body has the...Lire plus!

Prostate surgery, continence and sexuality: what do you need to know?

Soon you will undergo total radical prostatectomy surgery, which involves removal of the entire prostate. In the vast majority of cases, men undergo this surgery due to the development of a malignant tumor of the prostate (cancer). The surgeon removes the prostate and with it the elements of the smooth sphincter it contains, the urethra that passes...Lire plus!

Good posture, for any job

Bend down...but watch your back! How many times have you heard about bending your knees when you lift? It's true that bending your knees is important, especially when it involves lifting something - no matter how light. But why? A lack of support from the legs during this movement will overload your back, affecting the vertebrae, muscles, and adja...Lire plus!

Urgency (overactive bladder)

Quickkkkk , it's urgent! Are you the type of person who knows the location of toilets everywhere in the city? You don't leave home before going to the bathroom 3 times? Have you always been known to have a "bladder the size of a pea"? You most likely have symptoms of "urgency". What is urgency? Urgency, or overactive bladder, is a medical cond...Lire plus!

Curing headaches with needles: a subject that may prick your curiosity!

A headache that won't go away can be really inconvenient! You know, that headache that persists day after day? If medication doesn’t work or you can’t take it for "x" reasons, physiotherapy remains a prime alternative. Physiotherapy offers a range of treatments that can help relieve headaches, such as manual therapy of the neck, as well as m...Lire plus!

Bladder leakage and sports: is it normal?

Do you suffer from bladder leakage while playing your favorite sports? You're not alone. In fact, urinary incontinence affects women of all ages and all levels of fitness, including highly-trained athletes. The number of athletes suffering from urinary incontinence is not widely reported, but varies from 28-80%, depending on the sport. According to...Lire plus!

Shoulder Dislocation and Subluxation

The shoulder is a very complex joint. Its rounded shape allows it to move in all directions, but also makes it more vulnerable to instability. The shoulder is held in place and stabilized by the muscles, primarily the rotator cuff, as well as the joint capsule. The capsule consists of several layers of fibrous tissue made of the same collagen as th...Lire plus!

Motor development delays in children

A child's motor development is an important part of his or her overall development. Atypical motor development is likely to influence learning in other areas, such as emotional, social, cognitive and linguistic. The acquisition of new motor skills, such as walking, allows the child to develop his or her autonomy, curiousity and self-confidence. ...Lire plus!

Can you run while pregnant?

It's important to know that physical exercise, during and after pregnancy, provides undeniable health benefits to the mother. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists[1]  recommends that women in good health and in low-risk pregnancies[2] get 20-30 minutes of moderate physical activity every day. If a woman is already active before ...Lire plus!

Evaluation and positioning of cyclists in physiotherapy

Introduction to cycling Cycling is a sport that's booming in Quebec. The equipment is more and more diverse and specific to different types of terrain as well as different objectives and expectations in terms of comfort and performance. Since human beings are everything but symmetrical and the bike is, the sport of cycling puts the body in an unna...Lire plus!

Bursitis of the elbow: trauma or not, it sure hurts!

Anatomy of the elbow To begin, the elbow is a joint where 3 bones connect: the humerus (upper arm), and the radius and the ulna (forearm). The biceps are primarily responsible for folding the elbow, while the triceps allow it to extend.There are also ligaments that stabilize the joint, nerves that carry electrical current, and a bursa that lubrica...Lire plus!

I’m coughing, you’re coughing, everybody is coughing… our sides are hurting!

The holidays bring laughter, good meals and, above all, multiple contacts, which multiply the transmission of germs. It is therefore not uncommon to end the holiday season with a coughing fit. When symptoms are finally resolved, discomfort or pain can sometimes persist in the ribs or shoulder blades. What causes this type of persistent pain? Zoom ...Lire plus!

Iliotibial band syndrome

But what does this condition eat during winter? In fact, "syndrome" initially implies a group of symptoms. Thus, there may be no specific injury, but several different symptoms that can vary from one individual to the next. This condition is often well known in runners, mainly due to repetitive movements during running or during a prolonged static ...Lire plus!

An acromioclavicular sprain: a one-of-a-kind sprain!

Repetitive movements of the arm can cause a batch of problems from overuse. Direct trauma to the shoulder is another story. It can cause a collarbone fracture, or a strain of the acromioclavicular joint. The latter represents 12% of shoulder dislocation cases. Anatomy The shoulder is made up of the humeral head (bone of the arm) which overlaps wi...Lire plus!

When Looking for the Cause of Your Dizzy Spells Is Making You Dizzy!

For some people, having dizzy spells is normal. They mention that they've had that issue all their lives: a mild loss of balance now and then. It's true: In a number of cases, that odd sensation of intoxication or of walking on clouds is benign, with no serious consequences. Here are some of the potential causes of dizzy spells: A drop in...Lire plus!

Headaches: They’re Driving Us Crazy!

Who has never had a headache? They are often short-lived, and easy to soothe with a couple of over-the-counter pills. But what about headaches that don't go away? The ones that hang on day and night, that medication only goes so far to relieve? Different Sources It's important to note that headaches can stem from different sources: blood pressure...Lire plus!

Subluxation of the mandible, it happens!

Anatomically speaking, what exactly is the mandible? The mandible is a joint like others with 2 articulated surfaces that move one against the other aided by muscles whose ligaments stabilize it. In addition, the mandible has a disk, a gelatinous cushion, which enables increasing the stability and fluidity of movement. Definition of subluxuatio...Lire plus!

De Quervain’s Tenosynovitis

Who, what, where? We learn new words every day! Time for a definition! De Quervain's tenosynovitis is a painful condition on the thumb side of the wrist. It is not necessarily caused by significant strain or trauma. This type of condition is often found in patients whose activities require repetitive movements. The pain arises when you pick somet...Lire plus!

Trochanteric bursitis: a condition that makes it difficult to walk, run and sleep!

What exactly is bursitis? Trochanteric bursitis is simply an inflammation of the bursa at the outside point of the hip, called the greater trochanter.  But what is a bursa? A bursa is a fluid-filled sac that secretes a lubricating fluid when a joint is compressed during movement or weight bearing. Therefore, its function is principally to ensure ...Lire plus!

Patellofemoral syndrom: a frequent running injury

The same structure can be referred to as the "kneecap," the "patella," or the "knee joint." This bone has a reverse triangular shape, and slides over the front of the knee when it bends or straightens. Here is a little anatomy to put it into context... A tendon is the fibrous and rigid connector to a muscle. A muscular contraction causes tugging ...Lire plus!

Carpal tunnel syndrome

When we are discussing persistent numbness in the hand, you may have the phrase "carpal tunnel syndrome" ringing in your ears. Does that mean ring a bell? Do you really know what it implies? Let's review this condition to get a better understanding. Anatomy / pathology This condition occurs in the interior of the wrist; several structures, in...Lire plus!

The sciatic nerve

Ah! The sciatic nerve! Who hasn't said or heard the phrase: "Ah! My sciatic nerve is still acting up!" This famous nerve, which takes a lot of flack, is often involved in back pain, but mainly when this pain radiates into the buttocks. But what is is, really? Can it be treated or is it an incurable chronic pathology? Anatomy First, what is a n...Lire plus!

Positional Vertigo

Feeling dizzy? What should you do? Imagine it. You're lying comfortably in bed when suddenly the phone rings. You struggle to sit up in bed and suddenly, disaster strikes! The room begins to spin, faster and faster. You completely lose your bearings. You feel like you've spent the night in a revolving door. Nausea tightens your throat, and cold...Lire plus!

Chest pain

Who has never felt back pain near the shoulder blades sometimes for no reason or as a result of harmless movement such as checking a blind spot or sneezing? Anatomy The chest region is complex because several structures are implicated in this region. The rib cage is the region where ribs form rings protecting our vital organs. The ribs on each s...Lire plus!

Groin pain

Wit the start of hockey season, it's important to address one of the most frequent conditions associated with the sport, which is groin pain. This type of pain can occur in other contexts, but it is not uncommon for ice hockey players to seek physical therapy for pain of this type. A sport that is conducive to groin pain In fact, the unstable sur...Lire plus!

Repeated impacts from indoor volleyball and recommendations

Indoor volleyball is a sport that is gaining in popularity these past several years especially since the last Olympic Games in Rio where Canadians had made a good impression as excellent opponents to the best teams in the world. The purpose, very simply, is to make the opposing side drop the ball by receiving, passing and attacking. In these seq...Lire plus!

Exercise for children and teens

Current Environment It is common to find both extremes of physical fitness in children and teens. Some show a significant lack of physical activity, which can lead to obesity and general health problems. But there is also a category of young people who are pushed to the limit to excel in their chosen sport. Which is most appropriate, or at least, ...Lire plus!

What is Achilles tendinitis: tendinitis of the Achilles tendon?

Definition Achilles tendinitis is an irritation with or without inflammation at the attachment point of the calf behind the heel. When the calf contracts, it pulls on the heel by bringing the foot in the pointed position when sitting or lying down and on tiptoe when standing. Causes Repeated overuse of this muscle, for example running or sports ...Lire plus!

Tear of the anterior cruciate ligament: more than a knee sprain…

The knee is primarily stabilized by 4 ligaments: The anterior cruciate ligament and the posterior cruciate ligament - crossing over the interior of the knee The medial collateral ligament and the lateral collateral ligament - on each side of the knee Here, we will primarily discuss the function of the anterior cruciate ligament. It restr...Lire plus!

Adhesive capsulitis (frozen shoulder)

Definition As its common name indicates, this shoulder pathology which is quite common mainly consists in a significant decrease in the shoulder's mobility. It also causes pain and stiffness. Its evolution is slow and progressive. Pain mostly occurs around the outer shoulder area with the inability to lie on the affected side, difficulty in should...Lire plus!


What is periostitis? Periostitis is an inflammation of the periosteum, which is the most external part of the bone. Usually, the most frequent occurence is tibial periostitis. This type of condition particularly affects runners due to repeated stress induced by rapid impacts and a prolonged and/or too intense contraction of the posterior tibial mu...Lire plus!

Plantar fasciitis

Plantar fasciitis is a very common condition that affects all types of individuals. It is the result of degenerative changes in the plantar fascia that affect its flexibility and ability to carry a load. This causes pain on the sole of the foot, most often in the heel area. What is the plantar fascia? it is a strip of tissue that attaches at a si...Lire plus!


Up to adulthood, it usually takes a major injury to cause a fracture. For the elderly, the loss of bone density is the cause of most fractures. Classification of fractures There are different types of fractures. Among them, there is the displaced fracture, which is when the 2 portions of the fractured bone are no longer aligned. Furthermore, a fr...Lire plus!

Mastitis and breast pain: ultrasound works!

It is well-known that breastfeeding has health benefits for both mother and child. However, many women experience breast pain caused by breastfeeding that can cause them to give up the practice. There are various causes for this pain. It is important to identify them to provide optimal treatment and allow them to continue breastfeeding. The causes ...Lire plus!

CrossFit overview

CrossFit™ is a kind of training characterized by a variety of high-intensity functional movements. It is especially effective for increasing cardiovascular and muscle capacity. In recent years, a high rate of injuries caused by overuse or overtraining has given it a bad reputation. However, current published studies show that CrossFit™ is no...Lire plus!

Epicondylitis and medial epicondylitis

You have probably already heard of epicondylitis, aka tennis elbow, which affects many people over the course of their lives. You may not be as familiar with its little sister, the less common medial epicondylitis (also called golfer's elbow). These two pathologies affect the tendons that attach to the elbow, but at different spots. What is the di...Lire plus!

What is osteoarthritis?

Osteoarthritis is a condition that affects nearly 70 million people in the United States. It is the result of several factors: Erosion Excess weight (obesity, alignment disorder) Repetitive movements (work, sports) Genetics Ligamentous laxity (joint hypermobility) - ligament weakness Osteoarthritis is a degeneration of the joint...Lire plus!

Preventing and treating back pain

What is low back pain? Low back pain is any pain or discomfort located below the ribs and above the buttocks. This pain may be accompanied by radiating pain in the leg. In many cases, the cause of the pain cannot be identified and is only very rarely attributable to a serious condition. What is sciatica? Sciatica is lower back pain that radiates...Lire plus!

Torticolis, plagiocephaly and physical therapy

Does your child have often turn his head to the same side? Does his skull look flattened out? If so, physical therapy may help. In 1992, the “Back to Sleep” campaign was launched to prevent Sudden Infant Death Syndrome in newborns. The number of cases of torticolis and plagiocephaly has risen in response to the corresponding increase in t...Lire plus!

The different types of headaches

There are different types of headaches. The most common is a tension headache. This headache can last 24 hours on average, but goes away with an Advil or Tylenol and is not a cause for concern. People do not usually seek medical help for this kind of ailment. Migraines A migraine is a bit more serious, with pain that can last from 4 hours to 3 da...Lire plus!

What is a muscle strain (muscle tear)?

Host: Today we are talking with Louis-Simon Allaire from the Physio Atlas physical therapy clinic, about muscle strains or muscle tears. Louis-Simon: A muscle strain is a tear caused by a powerful contraction of a muscle. In fact, it is the muscle fiber that tears. It happens after a rapid contraction, as you may have seen when a sprinter g...Lire plus!

Maintain good posture at work

Host: Today we're talking about an important topic: posture. Louis-Simon: More specifically, posture on the job. Office work in front of a computer is becoming increasingly common. It's more productive and more effective, but it also causes more injuries because we are seated for extended stretches in poor postures. The injuries sustained f...Lire plus!

Shoulder impingement syndrome

Host: What is shoulder impingement syndrome? Louis-Simon: Shoulder impingement syndrome is characterized by a pinching of either a tendon along the rotator cuff (which stabilizes the shoulder) or the biceps tendon, which is more toward the front. This pinching is a pain above the shoulder that occurs when you raise your arm to a 90-degree an...Lire plus!

Herniated discs and lumbago

Back pain is a common, recurring problem throughout the population. There are many causes, but we often hear about herniated discs. What is a herniated disc? Before explaining what a herniated disc is, it is important to understand the structure of our vertebral column. We have 24 vertebrae (7 cervical, 12 thoracic and 5 lumbar) in addition to ou...Lire plus!

Some important concepts to prevent running injuries!

Running has been surging in popularity in recent years. However, because running involves repetitive movements with ground impacts, injuries are common. Here are some basic considerations to keep in mind to prevent running injuries. Pain is a warning signal No matter the body part (muscle, tendon, etc.), pain is a warning signal perceived and int...Lire plus!

All about taping

You may have heard of sports taping. Or perhaps you've noticed Olympic athletes wearing strips of colored tape on their shoulder, knee or lower back. Did you know that various types of taping are also available to the general public and that they can be used to treat several types of musculo-skeletal problems? The different taping approaches have d...Lire plus!


A concussion, also called mild head trauma or cranio-spinal trauma is a brain injury that brings several signs and symptoms on the physical, emotional, cognitive and sleep patterns. Neurons and brain tissues are affected by compression forces, stretching and shearing. The mechanisms of a concussion injury cause by violent shaking of the head and n...Lire plus!

Ice or heat?

A moment of distraction or maybe even a simple gesture and hop ... an injury occurs so rapidly. Indeed, we must act quickly if you do not want to delay the healing, so what to do? The acute phase Following a trauma, we go in the inflammatory phase or the acute phase. This phase usually lasts between seven and ten days and is characterized by loca...Lire plus!